Developing a model of sustained change following multisystemic therapy: young people’s perspectives

Paradisopoulos, D., Pote, H., Fox, S & Kaur, P. (2015). Developing a model of sustained change following Multisystemic Therapy: Young people’s perspectives. Journal of Family Therapy. DOI: 10.1111/1467-6427.12070
This qualitative study aimed to explore young people's experiences of MST and learn what had helped them to sustain positive outcomes over time. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight young people at an average of 14 months after MST (range: 5–21 months). A constructivist version of grounded theory was employed to analyse the data, leading to the development of a model of sustained change in MST. Themes from the model included therapeutic alliance, increases in systemic awareness, recognizing responsibility, positive peer relationships, acknowledging and celebrating success, continued use of specific strategies (for example, worry boxes) and the identification and creation of a preferred future. This research presents an understanding of how change may be sustained after MST, highlighting systemic, developmental and individual factors in relation to this. Clinical implications and a proposed model of sustained change in MST are discussed.